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Efficient Microbes Range of Products EM for Livestock

EM Pro-Livestock



EM is a naturally fermented liquid probiotic utilising effective microorganisms, a technology developed in the early 1980s in Japan. The basic groups of microorganisms in EM are lactic acid bacteria (commonly found in yogurt, cheeses), yeast (bread, beer), and phototrophic bacteria. The microbes in EM are non-harmful, non-pathogenic, not-genetically-engineered or modified (non-GMO), and not-chemically-synthesized.


In livestock farming, EM is utilised for animal health, increased feed conversion, increased quality of milk or meat and reduction of odours and pathogens. It is easy to implement, and yields results in a relatively short period of time. EM technology is also highly cost-effective and will actually increase income and profits rather than act as an added expense.


Gut flora has incredible power over the immune system, meaning that the health of the organism is largely tied into the health of the gut. Beneficial bacteria (as well as pathogens) are almost completely killed off with the use of antibiotics, which have become commonplace in the rearing of livestock. Repeated use of antibiotics can virtually eradicate the good bacteria in the animals system, which now have to build up from scratch again each time a course of antibiotics is administered, allowing pathogens and harmful yeasts to take a foot hold in the organism and multiply at a high rate. In human health, researchers are becoming increasingly aware of the links between acute and terminal diseases and bacterial imbalances in the body, which is in turn leading to an increased interest in applying these findings to animal health.


EM technology is far superior to regular probiotics, which are typically lactic-acid bacteria in high dosages. Rather, EM comprises an entire consortium of the exact same microbes that are found in natural (not chemically treated) soils, closely mirroring the microbes that animals should be receiving naturally through their foods.

Through correct application of EM products, successes have been had in the following areas:


      Lowering of SCC

      Handling of mastitis.

      Handling of calf scouring

      Handling Hoof Infection

      Reducing odours and pathogens

      Increased quality of milk and beef

      Increased milk yields

      Improving Feed Conversion Ratio


Through worldwide scientific research it is becoming increasingly evident that a major portion of illnesses or ailments in all living organisms are tied to imbalances in bacteria. Fifty years ago probiotic bacteria was relatively untapped as a science. 10 years ago it was a nice additive to enhance animal health. Today there is more than sufficient evidence to suggest that the long-term health of living organisms is completely dependent on the bacterial health of that organism, and that almost any disease or lowered quality/quantity of production can be resolved through the use of beneficial bacteria. EM is the most complete solution of bacteria in existence and is a necessity in dealing with animal health.

EM livestock products are all-natural, concentrated liquid probiotics containing a unique blend of naturally occurring beneficial bacteria. They are administered to livestock either as a feed additive or a concentrated dose for direct ingestion.


These products are produced through a natural fermentation process, utilizing natural and organic ingredients.  The microbes in EM products are safe, natural, and not genetically engineered or modified (non-GMO).


EM works under the mechanism of competitive exclusion, and by introducing EM as a probiotic into a living system; it regenerates good bacteria to dominate the system. EM improves the underlying microbial ecology within the animal to one that is balanced and healthy. 


With consistent usage, it helps control the re-emergence of disease causing or harmful toxic bacteria. EM is completely safe for animal consumption.




      Cost effective and increases profits for farmers

      Decreases mortality rates

      Increases livestock production

      Decreases Feed Conversion Ratio

      Significantly improves digestion

      Decreases need for anti-biotics




      Feed additive for livestock

      Feed additive for poultry, horses and other animals

      Cleaning in food processing industry

      Pet probiotic supplement






Super EM is a concentrated, all-natural, biological product, which eliminates odours, breaks down organic waste and reduces pathogens and incidence of disease.


Super EM utilises the immense power of nature to biologically consume odour-causing toxins and break down waste. By combining three distinct classes of probiotic bacteria, as opposed to the commonly used single-strain bacterial products, EM (Efficient Microbes) technology forms a powerful probiotic consortium, which can be applied to, and effectively work in, any environment to which it is introduced.


EM is not only effective at breakdown of waste solids and harmful chemicals, but also eliminates disease causing bacteria preventing harmful bacteria from establishing a population in any environment to which EM is applied. It is non-toxic, not chemically synthesized and non-genetically modified.


Super EM is highly effective in the following areas:


      Breaks down organic solid waste in livestock effluent.

      Reduces fly and mosquito populations in areas where there are odours.

      Helps to eliminate disease-causing bacteria found in livestock breeding areas, thereby greatly increasing the health of livestock.

      Eliminates odours and toxic gases in livestock holding pens and poultry coops, thereby increasing animal health and reducing the need for antibiotics and venting.


The products enhanced levels of phototrophic bacteria, also known as purple non-sulphur bacteria (PNSB), have powerful detoxifying, anti-oxidative and anti- entropic properties that can reduce levels of certain toxins, toxic gases and odours by up to 96%. Super EM attacks the sources of the problem, rather than merely deodorizing the symptoms. Foul smelling odours are caused by high levels of ammonia, hydrogen sulphide and methane. These noxious organic compounds actually serve as a food source for the beneficial and efficient microbes in Super EM. Beneficial microbes naturally break down ammonia.  This process changes the underlying microbial ecology of the treated area to one that is balanced, healthy and controls the re-emergence of harmful toxins that cause the foul odours.


Misting or fogging areas will immediately reduce odours and consistent application of Super EM will eliminate the source of foul odours before they occur.


Rhodopseudomonas palustris contained in Super EM, for example, is acknowledged by microbiologists to be one of the most metabolically versatile bacteria ever described. Not only can it convert carbon molecules into cell material but also nitrogen gas into ammonia, and it can produce hydrogen gas. It grows both in the absence and presence of oxygen. In the absence of oxygen, it prefers to generate all its energy from light by photosynthesis.


Used consistently, it can control the re-emergence of harmful or toxic bacteria, helping to enrich nutrient depleted soil or clean up polluted environments.



The species used in producing Super EM: Bacillus subtilis, Bifidobacterium animalis, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus buchneri, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus delbrueckii, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactococcus diacetylactis, Lactococcus lactis, Rhodopseudomonas palustris, Rhodopseumonas sphaeroides, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and streptococcus thermophilus.

EM Agricultural Products are a mixed blend of beneficial bacteria, which promote the growth of naturally occurring beneficial microbes found in agricultural environments. 


EM Agricultural Products have enhanced levels of phototrophic bacteria also known as photosynthetic or purple non-sulfur bacteria (PNSB).  These purple photosynthetic microbes have powerful detoxifying, anti-oxidative and anti-entropic properties.  These properties are active in re-establishing a wide range of beneficial microbes in polluted or unbalanced environments, such as poor soil conditions. 


As a natural and cost-effective alternative to chemical additives, EM offers a sustainable solution for organic farming and gardening.


EM is a microbial soil builder containing nitrogen-fixing bacteria, which pull atmospheric nitrogen for plant utilization.  The photosynthetic bacteria (PNSB) component works to break down toxins, including ammonia, hydrogen sulfide and mercaptens, which toxify soils and reduce nitrogen-fixing bacteria.  The PNSB also detoxify soils and provide more oxygen to strengthen plant roots by transforming harmful substances such as hydrogen sulfide into useful elements including oxygen.


All living systems, including soil, plants, and trees have a microbial ecology that can be managed and improved by the constant delivery of EM.  Regenerating good bacteria produces a microbial ecology where beneficial bacteria dominate harmful bacteria, creating a healthier, more vibrant environment.



  • Nitrogen fixing bacteria to feed plants
  • Breaks down organic amendments
  • Increases crop yield by up to 30%
  • Encourages beneficial microorganisms to flourish
  • Cost effective with increased profits to farmers



  • Seed  soak  before planting to increase seed viability
  • Crops pre-planting growth promoter to enrich soil
  • Hydroponics coat root systems and make nutrient uptake more efficient

       Grain & fruit crops reduce pests and disease and increase yield, use as a foliar spray or introduce into irrigation systems.



The reason for EMs efficacy and results is not, as many people believe, the number of microbes present in the product but, rather the number of microbial species. In the natural world various classes of bacteria are utterly reliant upon each other for growth and stability, as can be seen by the diversity of microbial life in soils and plants. EM technology is one of the only technologies on the planet that allows for a variety of different classes of bacteria to be grown and maintained stably in a probiotic consortium. This consortium dominates any system into which it is introduced, motivating all existing bacteria in that system in a regenerative direction. The microorganisms in EM are known to produce bioactive substances, vitamins, hormones, enzymes, amino acids, and antibiotics. EM consists of a wide variety of effective, beneficial, non-pathogenic aerobic and anaerobic micro organisms cultured in diluted molasses that are mutually compatible with one another.

Other factors to look at when considering EM Technology based probiotic cultures is that they are all naturally fermented. This means the finished products are raw, containing 40 trace minerals, amino acids (up to 18), various organic acid compounds, nearly 100 types of enzymes, B complex vitamins, Vitamin A as well as the live microbes which make up the solution itself.

Lastly, consider that one microbe produces one type of enzyme, one type of vitamin, and/or one type of organic acid. When there is not a variety (diversity), the nutrients and digestive aids are not supplied. This is another reason why the benefits of EM products are so great and varied.


EM is also one of the only microbial products in the world to contain strains of phototrophic bacteria, a class of bacteria known to break down toxic substances and produce beneficial by-products such as the antioxidant vitamin A. Phototropic bacteria plays a huge role in the growth and health of plants and soil systems, and is considered the most versatile bacteria on earth.


The principal classes of microorganisms in EM are:

A. Photosynthetic Bacteria the key to EM.

The photosynthetic or phototropic bacteria are a group of independent, self-supporting microbes, considered to be the most versatile bacteria in existence. In soils and plants, these bacteria synthesize useful substances from secretions of roots, organic matter and/or harmful gases (e.g. hydrogen sulphide), by using sunlight and the heat of soil as sources of energy. Useful substances developed by these microbes include amino acids, nucleic acids, bioactive substances and sugars, all of which promote growth and development. The metabolites developed by these microorganisms are absorbed directly into living organisms and act as substrates for increasing beneficial populations.


Phototropic bacteria are one of the key elements both in EMs structure and its workability and benefits. These micro-organisms have been on Earth since before there was oxygen. They are, in fact, anaerobic and consume carbon dioxide, ammonia, methane and hydrogen-sulphide. In short: they survive by consuming toxins and pollutants. Even more importantly, however, phototropic microbes excrete oxygen, amino acids, antioxidants and other substances that enhance life. The aerobic bacteria then consume the oxygen generated by the phototropic bacteria and they in turn excrete carbon dioxide. This is food for the phototropic bacteria - which they readily consume.


The entire key to EM and why it works lies in this following paragraph. If any datum within this document could be considered to be an axiom and of senior importance to anything else, this would be it:


It is the interdependency and mutually beneficial actions of these various microbes which make it possible for them to establish themselves within any environment and motivate the already-existing bacteria in a beneficial and regenerative direction. Any one of these classes of microbes attempting to influence any environment without the others is, therefore, attempting to operate in a synthetic environment because they do not operate alone in the natural world. To word it differently: although Lactic Acid Bacteria, beneficial yeasts and other microbes have properties which are hugely beneficial to plant, animal and human life, they will never be able to function as they should without the other bacteria (namely phototropic bacteria) that are essential to the establishment of viable survival conditions.


The action of EM in providing living systems with mutually-supportive bacteria which have the ability of influencing the entire bacterial population of that system has never before been uniformly achieved. Thus it can be said that we have reached a new era in the evolution of human health.


B. Lactic acid bacteria

Lactic acid bacteria produce lactic acid from sugars and other carbohydrates, developed by photosynthetic bacteria and yeast. Therefore, some foods and drinks such as yogurt and pickles have been made with lactic acid bacteria for decades. However, lactic acid is a strong sterilizing compound, and suppresses harmful microorganisms and enhances decomposition of organic matter. Moreover, lactic acid bacteria promote the decomposition of material such as lignin and cellulose and ferment these materials, thereby removing undesirable effects of non-decomposed organic matter.


Lactic acid bacteria have the ability to suppress disease-inducing microorganisms such as Fusarium, which occur in continuous cropping programs. Under normal circumstances, species such as Fusarium weaken crop plants, thereby exposing plants to diseases and increased pest populations such as nematodes. The use of lactic acid bacteria reduces nematode populations and controls propagation and spread of Fusarium, thereby inducing a better environment for crop growth.

C. Natural Beneficial Yeasts

Yeasts synthesize antimicrobial and other useful substances required for plant growth from amino acids and sugars secreted by photosynthetic bacteria, organic matter and plant roots. The bioactive substances such as hormones and enzymes produced by yeasts promote active cell and root division. These secretions are also useful substrates for effective microbes such as lactic acid bacteria and actinomycetes.

NB: This product will not promote Yeast overgrowth.


EM inoculants have been used successfully to:


      Significantly improve the growth, yield and quality of crops.

      Enhance the growth, market weight of swine and poultry when used as a probiotic food additive;

      Greatly enhance human health through use as a probiotic supplement;

      Suppress malodours associated with livestock production;

      Improve water treatment, reducing COD and BOD levels and eliminating pathogens and toxins.

      Greatly improve composting of municipal and kitchen waste into high quality soil conditioner and bio fertilizer;

      Improve the process technology for recycling other waste materials including plastics, paper, rubber, and textiles;

      Around the house, EM can be used for household cleaner, for use in kitchens, bathrooms, laundry equipment and to assist in the control of pet odours and waste;

      Improve the quality and shelf life of fruit and vegetables.



Throughout the 1970s and 80s Dr. Higa pioneered the research that led to the development and commercialization of EM technology. This natural biotechnology has since been successfully commercialized throughout world markets in human health, agriculture, livestock and industrial waste treatment. Thousands of research and efficacy studies have been conducted and documented in projects, conferences and books around the world.

Originally, EM was developed for use in agriculture (crop farming) as an alternative to agricultural chemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers. EM however is not a conventional fertilizer and unlike the purpose of fertilizers, the purpose of EM is to increase the number of beneficial microorganisms in the soil. This improves the soil's microbial health and promotes a healthy environment for plants. It can also be used as a processing tool to manufacture organic fertilizers.

From crop farming, its application flowed naturally into livestock. EM is actively used in livestock operations, including hog, cattle/dairy, and poultry. From livestock, the positive effects on the livestock waste and effluent into lagoons and rivers led to the use of EM for environmental purposes: from land/soil remediation to water purification. EM environmental applications throughout the world have included cleaning polluted waterways, lakes and lagoons, in septic systems, municipal wastewater treatment plants, and landfills/dump sites. As EM became used extensively in livestock, research began into its use as a functional food supplement for human health. It was discovered that EM exhibits very beneficial effects as an antioxidant and probiotic on the digestive system.




Efficient Microbes is a privately registered company dedicated to the use of natural microbial-based products and services for human health, agriculture, livestock and environmental sustainability.


Efficient Microbes has its head office in Durban, South Africa, with a sales office in Johannesburg and a wide network of distributors based throughout Southern Africa. Efficient Microbes is committed to the consumer and to the environment, and offers the most effective and environmentally friendly solutions to a large number of problems that are normally solved with medicines or harsh chemicals.


Efficient Microbes entered the human health market in South Africa three years ago and, through the success of EM products in dealing with a wide range of health issues, now distributes product through pharmaceutical wholesalers and independent health stores, contract manufactures products for a number of major local health companies and also manufactures the product for use in food programs in Southern Africa.


Efficient Microbes also manufactures EM products for use in agriculture, the rearing of livestock and environmental remediation, with increased focus over the past 12 months in the areas of poultry, dairy cattle and agriculture.

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