INTRODUCTION TO EM FOR LIVESTOCK AND
EM is a naturally fermented liquid
probiotic utilising effective microorganisms, a technology developed in the
early 1980s in Japan. The basic groups of
microorganisms in EM are lactic acid bacteria (commonly found in yogurt,
cheeses), yeast (bread, beer), and phototrophic bacteria. The microbes in EM
are non-harmful, non-pathogenic, not-genetically-engineered or modified
(non-GMO), and not-chemically-synthesized.
farming, EM is utilised for animal health, increased feed conversion, increased
quality of milk or meat and reduction of odours and pathogens. It is easy to
implement, and yields results in a relatively short period of time. EM
technology is also highly cost-effective and will actually increase income and
profits rather than act as an added expense.
Gut flora has incredible power over
the immune system, meaning that the health of the organism is largely tied into
the health of the gut. Beneficial bacteria (as well as pathogens) are almost
completely killed off with the use of antibiotics, which have become
commonplace in the rearing of livestock. Repeated use of antibiotics can virtually
eradicate the good bacteria in the animals system, which now have to build up
from scratch again each time a course of antibiotics is administered, allowing pathogens
and harmful yeasts to take a foot hold in the organism and multiply at a high
rate. In human health, researchers are becoming increasingly aware of the links
between acute and terminal diseases and bacterial imbalances in the body, which
is in turn leading to an increased interest in applying these findings to
EM technology is far superior to
regular probiotics, which are typically lactic-acid bacteria in high dosages.
Rather, EM comprises an entire consortium of the exact same microbes that are
found in natural (not chemically treated) soils, closely mirroring the microbes
that animals should be receiving naturally through their foods.
Through correct application of EM products, successes have been had in the
Lowering of SCC
Handling of mastitis.
Handling of calf scouring
Handling Hoof Infection
Reducing odours and pathogens
Increased quality of milk and beef
Increased milk yields
Improving Feed Conversion Ratio
worldwide scientific research it is becoming increasingly evident that a major
portion of illnesses or ailments in all living organisms are tied to imbalances
in bacteria. Fifty years ago probiotic bacteria was relatively untapped as a
science. 10 years ago it was a nice additive to enhance animal health. Today
there is more than sufficient evidence to suggest that the long-term health of
living organisms is completely dependent on the bacterial health of that
organism, and that almost any disease or lowered quality/quantity of production
can be resolved through the use of beneficial bacteria. EM is the most complete
solution of bacteria in existence and is a necessity in dealing with animal
products are all-natural, concentrated liquid probiotics containing a unique
blend of naturally occurring beneficial bacteria. They are administered to
livestock either as a feed additive or a concentrated dose for direct
are produced through a natural fermentation process, utilizing natural and
organic ingredients. The microbes
in EM products are safe, natural, and not genetically engineered or modified
EM works under
the mechanism of competitive exclusion, and by introducing EM as a probiotic
into a living system; it regenerates good bacteria to dominate the system. EM improves
the underlying microbial ecology within the animal to one that is balanced and
consistent usage, it helps control the re-emergence of disease causing or
harmful toxic bacteria. EM is completely safe for animal consumption.
effective and increases profits for farmers
Decreases mortality rates
Increases livestock production
Decreases Feed Conversion Ratio
need for anti-biotics
Feed additive for livestock
Feed additive for poultry, horses
and other animals
Cleaning in food processing
ODOUR CONTROL, WASTE MANAGEMENT AND REDUCTION OF PATHOGENS
Super EM is a concentrated, all-natural, biological product,
which eliminates odours, breaks down organic waste and reduces pathogens and
incidence of disease.
Super EM utilises the immense power of nature to
biologically consume odour-causing toxins and break down waste. By combining
three distinct classes of probiotic bacteria, as opposed to the commonly used
single-strain bacterial products, EM (Efficient Microbes) technology forms a
powerful probiotic consortium, which can be applied to, and effectively work
in, any environment to which it is introduced.
EM is not only effective at breakdown of waste solids and
harmful chemicals, but also eliminates disease causing bacteria preventing
harmful bacteria from establishing a population in any environment to which EM
is applied. It is non-toxic, not chemically synthesized and non-genetically
Super EM is highly effective in
the following areas:
Breaks down organic solid waste in
Reduces fly and
mosquito populations in areas where there are odours.
Helps to eliminate
disease-causing bacteria found in livestock breeding areas, thereby greatly
increasing the health of livestock.
Eliminates odours and toxic gases in livestock holding pens and
poultry coops, thereby increasing animal health and reducing the need for
antibiotics and venting.
The products enhanced levels of
phototrophic bacteria, also known as purple
non-sulphur bacteria (PNSB), have powerful detoxifying, anti-oxidative and
anti- entropic properties that can reduce levels of certain toxins, toxic gases
and odours by up to 96%. Super EM attacks the sources of the problem, rather
than merely deodorizing the symptoms. Foul smelling odours are caused by high
levels of ammonia, hydrogen sulphide and methane. These noxious organic
compounds actually serve as a food source for the beneficial and efficient
microbes in Super EM. Beneficial microbes naturally break down ammonia. This process changes the underlying
microbial ecology of the treated area to one that is balanced, healthy and
controls the re-emergence of harmful toxins that cause the foul odours.
Misting or fogging areas will immediately
reduce odours and consistent application of Super EM will eliminate the source
of foul odours before they occur.
palustris contained in Super EM, for example, is acknowledged by
microbiologists to be one of the most metabolically versatile bacteria ever
described. Not only can it convert carbon molecules into cell material but also
nitrogen gas into ammonia, and it can produce hydrogen gas. It grows both in
the absence and presence of oxygen. In the absence of oxygen, it prefers to
generate all its energy from light by photosynthesis.
it can control the re-emergence of harmful or toxic bacteria, helping to enrich
nutrient depleted soil or clean up polluted environments.
The species used in
producing Super EM: Bacillus subtilis, Bifidobacterium animalis,
Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus
buchneri, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus
delbrueckii, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactococcus
diacetylactis, Lactococcus lactis, Rhodopseudomonas palustris, Rhodopseumonas
sphaeroides, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and streptococcus thermophilus.
EM Agricultural Products are a mixed blend of
beneficial bacteria, which promote the growth of naturally occurring beneficial
microbes found in agricultural environments.
EM Agricultural Products have enhanced levels
of phototrophic bacteria also known as photosynthetic or purple non-sulfur
bacteria (PNSB). These purple
photosynthetic microbes have powerful detoxifying, anti-oxidative and
anti-entropic properties. These
properties are active in re-establishing a wide range of beneficial microbes in
polluted or unbalanced environments, such as poor soil conditions.
As a natural and cost-effective alternative
to chemical additives, EM offers a sustainable solution for organic farming and
EM is a microbial soil builder containing
nitrogen-fixing bacteria, which pull atmospheric nitrogen for plant
utilization. The photosynthetic
bacteria (PNSB) component works to break down toxins, including ammonia, hydrogen
sulfide and mercaptens, which toxify soils and reduce nitrogen-fixing
bacteria. The PNSB also detoxify
soils and provide more oxygen to strengthen plant roots by transforming harmful
substances such as hydrogen sulfide into useful elements including oxygen.
All living systems, including soil, plants,
and trees have a microbial ecology that can be managed and improved by the
constant delivery of EM.
Regenerating good bacteria produces a microbial ecology where beneficial
bacteria dominate harmful bacteria, creating a healthier, more vibrant
fixing bacteria to feed plants
down organic amendments
crop yield by up to 30%
beneficial microorganisms to flourish
effective with increased profits to farmers
USES OF EM
- Seed soak before planting to increase seed viability
pre-planting growth promoter to enrich soil
coat root systems and make nutrient uptake more efficient
Grain & fruit crops reduce pests and disease and
increase yield, use as a foliar spray or introduce into irrigation systems.
UNDERSTANDING EM TECHNOLOGY
The reason for EMs efficacy and results is not, as many people
believe, the number of microbes present in the product but, rather the number
of microbial species. In the natural
world various classes of bacteria are utterly reliant upon each other for
growth and stability, as can be seen by the diversity of microbial life in
soils and plants. EM technology is one of the only technologies on the planet
that allows for a variety of different classes of bacteria to be grown and
maintained stably in a probiotic consortium. This consortium dominates any
system into which it is introduced, motivating all existing bacteria in that
system in a regenerative direction. The
microorganisms in EM are known to produce bioactive substances, vitamins,
hormones, enzymes, amino acids, and antibiotics. EM consists of a wide variety
of effective, beneficial, non-pathogenic aerobic and anaerobic micro organisms
cultured in diluted molasses that are mutually compatible with one another.
Other factors to look at when considering EM Technology based probiotic
cultures is that they are all naturally fermented. This means the finished
products are raw, containing 40 trace minerals, amino acids (up to 18), various
organic acid compounds, nearly 100 types of enzymes, B complex vitamins,
Vitamin A as well as the live microbes which make up the solution itself.
Lastly, consider that one microbe produces one type of enzyme, one type of
vitamin, and/or one type of organic acid. When there is not a variety
(diversity), the nutrients and digestive aids are not supplied. This is another
reason why the benefits of EM products are so great and varied.
EM is also
one of the only microbial products in the world to contain strains of
phototrophic bacteria, a class of bacteria known to break down toxic substances
and produce beneficial by-products such as the antioxidant vitamin A.
Phototropic bacteria plays a huge role in the growth and health of plants and
soil systems, and is considered the most versatile bacteria on earth.
classes of microorganisms in EM are:
Photosynthetic Bacteria the key to EM.
The photosynthetic or phototropic bacteria are a group of independent,
self-supporting microbes, considered to be the most versatile bacteria in
existence. In soils and plants, these bacteria synthesize useful substances
from secretions of roots, organic matter and/or harmful gases (e.g. hydrogen
sulphide), by using sunlight and the heat of soil as sources of energy. Useful
substances developed by these microbes include amino acids, nucleic acids,
bioactive substances and sugars, all of which promote growth and development.
The metabolites developed by these microorganisms are absorbed directly into
living organisms and act as substrates for increasing beneficial populations.
bacteria are one of the key elements both in EMs structure and its workability
and benefits. These micro-organisms have been on Earth since before there was
oxygen. They are, in fact, anaerobic and consume carbon dioxide, ammonia,
methane and hydrogen-sulphide. In short: they survive by consuming toxins and
pollutants. Even more importantly, however, phototropic microbes excrete
oxygen, amino acids, antioxidants and other substances that enhance life. The
aerobic bacteria then consume the oxygen generated by the phototropic bacteria
and they in turn excrete carbon dioxide. This is food for the phototropic
bacteria - which they readily consume.
The entire key
to EM and why it works lies in this following paragraph. If any datum within
this document could be considered to be an axiom and of senior importance to
anything else, this would be it:
It is the
interdependency and mutually beneficial
actions of these various microbes which make it possible for them to establish
themselves within any environment and motivate the already-existing bacteria in
a beneficial and regenerative direction. Any one of these classes of microbes
attempting to influence any environment without the others is, therefore,
attempting to operate in a synthetic environment
because they do not operate alone in the
natural world. To word it differently: although Lactic Acid Bacteria,
beneficial yeasts and other microbes have properties which are hugely
beneficial to plant, animal and human life, they will never be able to function
as they should without the other bacteria (namely phototropic bacteria) that
are essential to the establishment of viable survival conditions.
The action of EM
in providing living systems with mutually-supportive bacteria which have the
ability of influencing the entire
bacterial population of that system has never before been uniformly
achieved. Thus it can be said that we have reached a new era in the evolution
of human health.
B. Lactic acid
Lactic acid bacteria produce lactic acid from sugars and other carbohydrates,
developed by photosynthetic bacteria and yeast. Therefore, some foods and
drinks such as yogurt and pickles have been made with lactic acid bacteria for
decades. However, lactic acid is a strong sterilizing compound, and suppresses
harmful microorganisms and enhances decomposition of organic matter. Moreover,
lactic acid bacteria promote the decomposition of material such as lignin and
cellulose and ferment these materials, thereby removing undesirable effects of
non-decomposed organic matter.
bacteria have the ability to suppress disease-inducing microorganisms such as
Fusarium, which occur in continuous cropping programs. Under normal
circumstances, species such as Fusarium weaken crop plants, thereby exposing
plants to diseases and increased pest populations such as nematodes. The use of
lactic acid bacteria reduces nematode populations and controls propagation and
spread of Fusarium, thereby inducing a better environment for crop growth.
Natural Beneficial Yeasts
Yeasts synthesize antimicrobial and other useful substances required for plant
growth from amino acids and sugars secreted by photosynthetic bacteria, organic
matter and plant roots. The bioactive substances such as hormones and enzymes
produced by yeasts promote active cell and root division. These secretions are
also useful substrates for effective microbes such as lactic acid bacteria and
NB: This product
will not promote Yeast overgrowth.
EM inoculants have been used
improve the growth, yield and quality of crops.
growth, market weight of swine and poultry when used as a probiotic food
enhance human health through use as a probiotic supplement;
malodours associated with livestock production;
water treatment, reducing COD and BOD levels and eliminating pathogens and
improve composting of municipal and kitchen waste into high quality soil
conditioner and bio fertilizer;
process technology for recycling other waste materials including plastics,
paper, rubber, and textiles;
house, EM can be used for household cleaner, for use in kitchens, bathrooms,
laundry equipment and to assist in the control of pet odours and waste;
quality and shelf life of fruit and vegetables.
HISTORY OF EM
1970s and 80s Dr. Higa pioneered the research that led to the development and
commercialization of EM technology. This natural biotechnology has since been
successfully commercialized throughout world markets in human health,
agriculture, livestock and industrial waste treatment. Thousands of research
and efficacy studies have been conducted and documented in projects,
conferences and books around the world.
Originally, EM was developed for use in agriculture (crop farming) as an
alternative to agricultural chemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers. EM
however is not a conventional fertilizer and unlike the purpose of fertilizers,
the purpose of EM is to increase the number of beneficial microorganisms in the
soil. This improves the soil's microbial health and promotes a healthy
environment for plants. It can also be used as a processing tool to manufacture
From crop farming, its application flowed naturally into livestock. EM is
actively used in livestock operations, including hog, cattle/dairy, and
poultry. From livestock, the positive effects on the livestock waste and
effluent into lagoons and rivers led to the use of EM for environmental
purposes: from land/soil remediation to water purification. EM environmental
applications throughout the world have included cleaning polluted waterways,
lakes and lagoons, in septic systems, municipal wastewater treatment plants,
and landfills/dump sites. As EM became used extensively in livestock, research
began into its use as a functional food supplement for human health. It was
discovered that EM exhibits very beneficial effects as an antioxidant and
probiotic on the digestive system.
ABOUT EFFICIENT MICROBES CC
Efficient Microbes is a privately registered
company dedicated to the use of natural microbial-based products and services
for human health, agriculture, livestock and environmental sustainability.
Efficient Microbes has its head office in
Durban, South Africa, with a sales office in Johannesburg and a wide network of
distributors based throughout Southern Africa. Efficient Microbes is committed
to the consumer and to the environment, and offers the most effective and
environmentally friendly solutions to a large number of problems that are
normally solved with medicines or harsh chemicals.
Efficient Microbes entered the human health
market in South Africa three years ago and, through the success of EM products
in dealing with a wide range of health issues, now distributes product through
pharmaceutical wholesalers and independent health stores, contract manufactures
products for a number of major local health companies and also manufactures the
product for use in food programs in Southern Africa.
Efficient Microbes also manufactures EM
products for use in agriculture, the rearing of livestock and environmental
remediation, with increased focus over the past 12 months in the areas of
poultry, dairy cattle and agriculture.