AND EQUINE HEALTH
The purpose of this information pack is to
introduce your company to EM Technology for the manufacture of equine probiotic
health supplements and environmental remediation. Efficient Microbes contract
manufactures human and animal health supplements for a range of companies in
as with all animals, is directly influenced by the balance of bacteria in the
horses digestive tract. The intake of beneficial (probiotic) bacteria by the
animal as a part of its natural diet is as important to its survival as eating,
drinking water and breathing. In todays world, pastures and feeds contain only
a small portion of the beneficial bacteria that horses require as a part of
their regular diet to be 100% healthy. Conversely, insufficient beneficial
bacteria in horses system can be the direct cause of many common equine
ailments and illnesses acute or chronic.
Several things can destroy the
intestinal bacterial balance in a horses gut. Overuse of antibiotics destroys
good bacteria as well as bad. Moreover, stress, poor diet, pollutants,
environmental changes, and prescription drugs greatly deplete beneficial
bacteria. Chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and soil sterilizers in agriculture
damage the soil ecosystem and the natural flow of bacteria found in the food
chain. These chemicals, as well as chemicals in the water supply, greatly reduce
the good bacteria that horses should be getting through their natural diet.
This allows harmful bacteria to multiply and produce large amounts of toxins
and carcinogenic agents.
Beneficial bacteria have incredible
power over the immune system. More importantly, however, it is in the area of
nutrition that bacteria are key. What is not generally understood is that
probiotics are not simply a healthy additive. Rather, it is through the bacteria
alone that animals (and all living forms for that matter) are able to
assimilate the nutrition from food, create their own vitamins, grow and remain
It is scientifically proven that
beneficial bacteria are responsible for:
- Producing natural antibiotics which can fight harmful bacteria.
- Manufacturing B group vitamins, biotin and folic acid.
- Reducing food intolerance.
- Increasing energy levels.
- Inhibiting the growth of some yeast.
- Absorbing nutrients, antioxidants and iron from food that is eaten.
- Reducing inflammation.
- Increasing the digestibility of food.
In order to properly restore the
balance of natural bacteria in the gut, however, it is absolutely vital that
the full range of microbes found naturally in our foods is actually being
compensated for rather than a few select strains or classes of bacteria.
EM EQUINE PRODUCTS
EM Equine Products are 100% natural liquid probiotics
utilising effective microorganisms, a technology developed in the early
1980s in Japan and used extensively in several fields including agriculture,
livestock and domestic animal health, human health and environmental
remediation. EM Equine Products are registered with the South African
Department of Agriculture.
EM Pro-Equine Inoculant, EM
Pro-Equine Bran and Super EM are unique in the field of probiotics in that they
contain not only lactic acid bacteria (which is the only class of bacteria in almost
all probiotics) but rather the entire consortium of the same microbes that are
found in natural (not chemically treated) soils, closely mirroring the microbes
that animals should be receiving naturally through their foods. EM is
formulated from 100% natural ingredients and live cultures fermented at body
temperature so it not only contains the beneficial bacteria, but also the
natural beneficial minerals, antioxidants and other by-products which are
produced by those microbes, just as they would be inside the body.
EM products cannot really be
compared to other probiotics found in the market today. Contemporary probiotic
products are made up, primarily, of freeze dried lactic acid and bifido
bacteria and aim to have as many billions of colony forming units of bacteria
as possible per dose. It has been stated that this is to guarantee survival
through the digestive tract and into the gut, but this is not entirely true. Because
the bacteria in these products are not in their natural environment with the
full spectrum of supporting microbes, freeze-drying is necessary for the
bacteria to survive at all. The vast range of microbes in EM products, on the
other hand, are mutually supportive and, because of this, have the ability to not
only survive without being freeze-dried, but also to form dominant consortiums
of beneficial microbes which can and will influence the ecology of the entire
system into which they are introduced.
EM Pro-Equine supplements have had great success
in dealing with:
Wounds and skin problems
Improved digestion and assimilation
of nutrition from food
Reducing odours as well as fly and
Excellent general body health
EM PRO-EQUINE INOCULANT& EM PRO-EQUINE BRAN
The digestive system of horses is designed for
handling a variety of plant matter. When stabled, however, a horse can be given
a diet that is perhaps too rich in sugars. This can upset the gut flora, which
in turn can lead to other problems such as laminitis. EM Pro-Equine products will
redress this balance, improving the uptake of nutrients in the gut and
resulting in improved digestion and a reduction in feed costs. The improved
digestion and nutrient uptake will also give the horse more natural energy and
increase resistance to disease and stomach ailments. Moreover, the animals get
a beautiful healthy coat and often molt quicker. EM Pro-Equine products are
naturally brewed at body temperature. They are non-chemical, not genetically
modified and contain only 100% natural ingredients.
Natural Sugar Cane Molasses
Natural Organic Sea Salt
Purified and Structured Water
Wheat Bran (EM Pro-Equine Bran only)
EM Food Grade Mother Culture (species listed
animalis ssp lactis, Bi bifidum, Bi longum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, L.
bulgaricus, L. casei, L. delbrueckii, L. fermentum, L. plantarum, L.
diacetylactis, L. lactis, Bacillus subtilis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae,
CLASS: PROBIOTIC FEED ADDITIVE Reg No V 21210
Act 36 / 1947
only the microorganisms that are listed on the FDA's GRAS List (Generally
Recognized As Safe)
NO Alcohol, Sodium Bicarbonate or Charcoal
NO Sucrose or Sorbitol
NO Artificial Flavors, Sweeteners or Colors
Super EM is extremely efficient at reducing
odours in stables - especially that of urine. The EM will feed on the urine,
both fresh and old, eliminating the smell of ammonia. In doing so, it leaves
the stable fresher and far more healthy - not just because the lack of smell,
but because the EM will multiply in the stable litter and in doing so will
suppress harmful pathogens that might be present. By improving the quality
of the stable litter, EM will also reduce hoof ailments. EM, when added to the
manure heap, will ensure you end up with excellent manure that doesn't smell
since the EM will continue fermenting the manure into a more useful by-product.
Natural Sugar Cane Molasses
Purified and Structured Water
Organic Sea Salt
EM Plus Mother Culture
Bacillus subtilis, Bifidobacterium animalis,
Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus acidophilus,
Lactobacillus buchneri, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus casei,
Lactobacillus delbrueckii, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus plantarum,
Lactococcus diacetylactis, Lactococcus lactis, Rhodopseudomonas palustris,
Rhodopseumonas sphaeroides, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and streptococcus
NOTE: These are the recommended
guidelines for use of EM Pro-Equine products but use is not limited to the
below. Many more applications are possible, including direct oral inoculations
and hoof-baths. Please contact Efficient Microbes for further directions.
FEED AND WATER
Immediately after birth:
Apply 2-3ml EM Pro-Equine Inoculant directly
into the foals mouth through a syringe.
1st and 2nd
10ml EM Pro-Equine Inoculant per day
2nd until 8th
20ml EM Pro-Equine Inoculant per day
3rd month on (and
Mix EM Pro-Equine Bran into the horses feed at a
rate of 100g/day.
Add EM Pro-Equine Inoculant to the drinking water
at a rate of 1:1000.
Handling of illness/disease:
Additional 50ml EM-Pro Equine Inoculant
directly into the horses mouth once per day.
Wounds or skin problems:
Dilute EM Pro-Equine Inoculant 1:5 with water and dab the affected
area 1-3 times per day.
Odours and inoculation:
Dilute EM Pro-Equine Inoculant 1:20 with water and spray the whole
horse once daily for the handling of odours and inoculation against
Spray Super EM diluted 1:1000 with water with a fumigation device 2-3
times per week on the walls and floors of the boxes covered with straw or
wood shavings. Spray more frequently where there are droppings and urine In
the case of wood shavings spraying can be more generous as these are very
UNDERSTANDING EM TECHNOLOGY
The reason for EMs efficacy and results is
not, as many people believe, the number of microbes present in the product but,
rather the number of microbial species.
In the natural world various classes of bacteria are utterly reliant upon each
other for growth and stability, as can be seen by the diversity of microbial
life in soils and plants. EM technology is one of the only technologies on the
planet that allows for a variety of different classes of bacteria to be grown
and maintained stably in a probiotic consortium. This consortium dominates any
system into which it is introduced, motivating all existing bacteria in that
system in a regenerative direction.
Other factors to look at when considering EM Technology based probiotic
cultures is that they are all naturally fermented. This means the finished
products are raw, containing 40 trace minerals, amino acids (up to 18), various
organic acid compounds, nearly 100 types of enzymes, B complex vitamins,
Vitamin A as well as the live microbes which make up the solution itself.
classes of microorganisms in EM are:
Photosynthetic Bacteria the key to EM.
photosynthetic or phototropic bacteria are a group of independent,
self-supporting microbes, considered to be the most versatile bacteria in
existence. In soils and plants, these bacteria manufacture useful substances
from the secretions of roots, organic matter and/or harmful gases (e.g.
hydrogen sulphide), by using sunlight and the heat of soil as sources of
energy. Useful substances developed by these microbes include amino acids,
nucleic acids, bioactive substances and sugars, all of which promote growth and
micro-organisms have been on Earth since before there was oxygen. Even more
importantly, however, phototropic microbes produce oxygen, amino acids,
antioxidants and other substances that enhance life. Other beneficial bacteria can
then use the oxygen generated by the phototropic bacteria and they in turn produce
carbon dioxide. This is food for the phototropic bacteria - which they readily
The entire key
to EM and why it works lies in this following paragraph. If any datum within
this document could be considered to be an axiom and of senior importance to
anything else, this would be it:
It is the interdependency
and mutually beneficial actions of
these various microbes which make it possible for them to establish themselves
within any environment and motivate the already-existing bacteria in a
beneficial and regenerative direction. Any one of these classes of microbes
attempting to influence any environment without the others is, therefore,
attempting to operate in a synthetic environment
because they do not operate alone in the
natural world. To word it differently: although the bacteria found in conventional
probiotics have properties which are hugely beneficial, they will never be able
to function as they should without the other bacteria (namely phototropic
bacteria) that are essential to the establishment of viable survival
B. Lactic acid
bacteria produce lactic acid from sugars and other carbohydrates, developed by
photosynthetic bacteria and yeast. Therefore, some foods and drinks such as
yogurt and pickles have been made with lactic acid bacteria for decades. However,
lactic acid is a strong sterilizing compound, and suppresses harmful
microorganisms and enhances decomposition of organic matter.
bacteria have the ability to suppress disease-inducing microorganisms such as
Fusarium, which occur in continuous cropping programs. Under normal
circumstances, species such as Fusarium weaken crop plants, thereby exposing
plants to diseases and increased pest populations such as nematodes. The use of
lactic acid bacteria reduces nematode populations and controls propagation and
spread of Fusarium, thereby inducing a better environment for crop growth.
Natural Beneficial Yeasts
synthesize antimicrobial and other useful substances from amino acids and
sugars secreted by photosynthetic bacteria, organic matter and plant roots. The
bioactive substances such as hormones and enzymes produced by yeasts promote
active cell and root division. These secretions are also useful substrates for
effective microbes such as lactic acid bacteria and actinomycetes.
NB: This product
will not promote Yeast overgrowth.
EM has been used successfully to:
Significantly improve the
growth, yield and quality of crops.
Enhance the growth and health of
livestock when used as a feed additive;
Greatly enhance human health
through use as a probiotic supplement;
Enhance domestic animal health
when used as a feed supplement;
Suppress malodours associated
with livestock production;
Improve water treatment,
reducing COD and BOD levels and eliminating pathogens and toxins.
Greatly improve composting of
municipal and kitchen waste into high quality soil conditioner and bio
HISTORY OF EM
1970s and 80s Dr. Higa pioneered the research that led to the development and
commercialization of EM technology. This natural biotechnology has since been
successfully commercialized throughout world markets in human health,
agriculture, livestock and industrial waste treatment. Thousands of research
and efficacy studies have been conducted and documented in projects, conferences
and books around the world.
Originally, EM was developed for use in agriculture (crop farming) as an
alternative to agricultural chemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers. EM
however is not a conventional fertilizer and unlike the purpose of fertilizers,
the purpose of EM is to increase the number of beneficial microorganisms in the
soil. This improves the soil's microbial health and promotes a healthy
environment for plants. It can also be used as a processing tool to manufacture
From crop farming, its application flowed naturally into livestock. EM is
actively used in livestock operations, including hog, cattle/dairy, and
poultry. From livestock, the positive effects on the livestock waste and
effluent into lagoons and rivers led to the use of EM for environmental
purposes: from land/soil remediation to water purification. EM environmental
applications throughout the world have included cleaning polluted waterways,
lakes and lagoons, in septic systems, municipal wastewater treatment plants,
and landfills/dump sites. As EM became used extensively in livestock, research
began into its use as a functional food supplement for human health. It was
discovered that EM exhibits very beneficial effects as an antioxidant and probiotic
on the digestive system.
ABOUT EFFICIENT MICROBES
Efficient Microbes is a privately registered
company dedicated to the use of natural microbial-based products and services
for human health, agriculture, livestock and environmental sustainability.
Efficient Microbes has its head office in
Durban, South Africa, with a sales office in Johannesburg and a wide network of
distributors based throughout Southern Africa. Efficient Microbes is committed
to the consumer and to the environment, and offers the most effective and
environmentally friendly solutions to a large number of problems that are
normally solved with medicines or harsh chemicals.
Efficient Microbes entered the human health
market in South Africa three years ago and, through the success of EM products
in dealing with a wide range of health issues, now distributes product through
pharmaceutical wholesalers and independent health stores, contract manufactures
products for a number of major local health companies and also manufactures the
product for use in food programs in Southern Africa.
Efficient Microbes also manufactures EM
products for use in agriculture, the rearing of livestock and environmental
remediation, with increased focus over the past 12 months in the areas of
poultry, dairy cattle and agriculture.